Education is a rather diverse field of study. Education is a vital field; consequently, it receives a lot of attention from the government and members of the society. There have been several controversies with reference to the education systems. Issues that have resulted to controversies include the pay of teachers, the education curriculum, the same sex or single sex education, among many others. The same sex or single sex systems have risen an enormous controversy in the field of education in the United States. There are people who argue that the same sex system is beneficial to students. On the other hand, there are those that believe that the single sex system is best. This controversy then motivates an individual to question which of these the two systems is best and why the supposed system best.
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The same sex versus the single sex education system
The same sex education system is a system in which both boys and girls study in the same school, meaning that, they share the same classes among many other educational facilities. On the other hand, the single –sex education system is the exact opposite of the same-sex education systems. The single-sex education system is a system in which, boys and girls study in separate education institutes.
In the single-sex system, students are able to study comfortably with no form of distraction. This enables them to focus during lessons hence, boosting their grades. This fact is opposed to the same-sex system, where the students tend to shy off and feel distracted by other students of the opposite sex. A majority of the students are in the puberty stage. Puberty triggers the production of hormones that in turn makes children emotional and sensitive. These changes make the students to either feel attracted to other students of the opposite sex, or feel indifferent towards them. Both attraction and indifference make the students focus less (feel distracted) during the lessons. Consequently, students may end up getting poor grades.
The single sex systems minimize the occurrence of gender stereotype. The single-sex system enables students to pursue different fields of their own choices, without being criticized. For example, boys are able to study subjects that are believed to be feminine subjects (poetry and music); girls are also able to feel comfortable with their performances in math and science that are believed to be male-dominated subjects.
On the other hand, in same-sex systems, students experience gender stereotype. Girls may feel pressured to compete with boys in subjects such as math and science. Boys may also shy off from pursuing subjects such as music, with the fear of being criticized, for their choices. Judging by the discussion, it is evident that single-sex systems enable students to feel more confident and free to pursue subjects of their own choice. This confidence creates a favorable environment for students to study, and better their grades (Abbassi 345).
Learning styles and environment
According to Leonard Sax (2002), boys and girls have different learning styles and environments. There are environments and styles that are conducive for boys, and not necessarily conducive for girls. For example, science proves that girls tend to focus more in environments with low temperature, while boys learn better in slightly warm temperatures. In the single-sex systems, teachers are able to use and provide proper learning techniques and learning environment respectively, according to gender. On the other hand, teachers in same-sex schools are unable to use and provide appropriate techniques and learning environment respectively. Consequently, teachers in same-sex systems end up inconveniencing a certain gender. This may in turn result to poor performance, among the disadvantaged gender.
Participation in class is a contributory factor that greatly improves the performance of students in their examinations. As stated earlier, a majority of the students are in the puberty stage, where they tend to shy off and feel intimidated by the opposite sex. This fact then discourages participation among students in the same-sex system. These students tend to participate less (or not participate at all), with the fear of being intimidated by students of the opposite sex. Contrary to this, students in the single-sex systems tend to participate more in class. These students are not subject to timidity or intimidation by the opposite sex, this enables them to participate freely in class. Girls are more susceptible to intimidation and timidity, as opposed to boys.
Therefore, with increased participation, students gain a positive attitude towards learning, consequently, boosting their grades.
Sexual harassment is a trending vice in the world today. This act is highly condemned in our societies, for it lowers the confidence, focus, and self-esteem of the victim. In the single-sex system, the cases of sexual harassment are minimized.
As stated earlier, a majority of the students are in their adolescent period. During this period, the students may get the urge to indulge in sexual activities. If the urges are too much, to the extent that the students are unable to control, they may result to sexually harassing fellow students (in most cases girls are harassed by boys in the same-sex systems). If a student is a victim of sexual harassment, he or she becomes traumatized psychologically.
Consequently, the student (s) is unable to focus during lessons hence, getting poor grades. Contrary to this sexual harassment does not occur in the single-sex systems. Therefore, students in single- sex systems are able to focus in class, without any form of psychological trauma. Consequently, enabling the students to focus fully and solely on their studies (Dale 100).
Adolescents tend to have little or no concern at all for school. This fact does not apply to all but to most of them. As a result of this, the students studying in a same-sex system tend to focus more on irrelevant issues such as, who is dating who, who is cooler than who, and why. In the same-sex systems children tend to adopt a slogan ‘it is not cool to feel exited about school.’
Students that do well in academics are referred to as ‘geeks’ or ‘book warms’. This slogan (‘it is not cool to feel exited about school’), acts as a hindrance to good performance. Adolescents tend to be irrational and naive; hence, they focus less in class so that they can be termed to as “cool”. This slogan also affects the class attendance among the students. Contrary to this, the single-sex schools do not have such slogans. These students do not concentrate on irrelevant issues such as coupling, and dating. Consequently, the students class attendance and focus increases. As a result, the students’ academic performance increases.
The lives of teenagers are filled with drama, most especially, if the two sexes are combined. The single-sex systems help minimize this drama (not eliminate the drama). This reduces the occurrence of violence among the students thus, creating a harmonious and ample environment, for students to study. This helps to better the grades of students in the single-sex systems. However, in the same-sex systems, the drama is ongoing. The he said-she said drama is never ending. This drama results to violence, which in turn hinders students from learning and focusing in class. The lack of focus results to poor academic performance among the students (Dale 109).
Involvement in extracurricular activities
Boys and girls have different interest especially in extracurricular activities. For example, boys and girls have different interests in sporting activities. Boys have interest in football, while girls have little or no interest at all in football. In the single-sex systems, teachers are able to develop extracurricular activities that are suitable for each sex. This ensures that all students engage in extracurricular activities that are mandatory for proper development. On the other hand, teachers in same-sex systems are unable to provide balance between activities based on the preference of each gender. Consequently, one sex is deprived of extracurricular activities. This leads to the poor physical development of students (Ivinson 267).
Indulgence in sexual activities
In single-sex systems, students are able to maintain high levels of discipline. The students do not get the chance to indulge in immoral sexual behavior. This gives them an opportunity to focus on their studies with no hindrance. On the other hand, in same-sex systems, students end up indulging in immoral sexual behavior. This behavior not only affects their concentration, it also puts them at risk of completely dropping out of school. Immoral sexual behavior may result to early pregnancies or worst still, the contraction of deadly STDs. If students get pregnant, they must drop out of school to fend for their children. Likewise, if they contract STDs students will automatically quit school. This will ruin their academic performance and their entire future. Immoral sexual behavior starts when students start coupling up and engaging in relationships (when they are not mentally, emotionally, or physically ready for these relationship).
Formation of cliques
Girls always want to impress boys; they always want to feel loved. This desire motivates them to form cliques that comprise of the “cool girls”. These supposed cool girls, are either beautiful, in the cheerleader groups, or from wealthy families. In these cliques, girls focus on drawing the attention of boys. This uses up their time that could have otherwise been used in reading or any other educational activity. This situation is common in the same-sex systems. Contrary to this, in single-sex systems, girls do not have to impress boys (since they are not there).
Girls do not have to form cliques. Therefore, their attention is focused on excelling in their studies. This generates excellent performance in their examinations (Dale 195).
Judging by the entire discussion and the facts given, it is evident that the single-sex systems enable students to focus more in class, avoid immoral behavior, participate in class, and generally improve their academic performances. The facts given are not given with the intention of “bad-mouthing” the same-sex systems. Instead, the discussion solely compares the two systems, with the intention of creating an argumentative essay, to support which of the two systems is more recommendable (beneficial) and why.