United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)

The intent of this memo is to critically summarize the operations of the United Nations Children Fund ( UNICEF ) and its ends for the hereafter. Following the terminal of World War II in 1946, The United Nations ( UN ) established a plan aimed to supply the basic necessities of life to famine and disease ridden kids in Europe [ 1 ] . On the 11th of December, 1946, UNICEF was born [ 2 ] . UNICEF was created for the intent of turn toing the demands of underprivileged kids which include decreasing the prevalence of disease, malnutrition, HIV/AIDS and force while guaranting all kids have entree to quality instruction [ 3 ] .

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Work Conducted by UNICEF

One declared end of UNICEF is to battle the excessive figure of immature kid and gestation related deceases [ 4 ] . A big proportion of these deceases occur due to preventable diseases and unwellnesss, malnutrition, hapless sanitation and a terrible deficiency of medical installations [ 5 ] . In their attempts to understate the deceases, UNICEF has established successful, unsophisticated and cost effectual engagements within job countries of the universe [ 6 ] . Some of these parts include inoculations, antibiotics, nutritionary addendums, insecticide-treated bed cyberspaces and the execution of safer and more hygienic patterns [ 7 ] .

The prominence of HIV and AIDS in developing states is another significant hurdle UNICEF faces [ 8 ] . Equally good as set uping methods of forestalling the transmittal of HIV, UNICEF besides provides protection, intervention and support for kids affected by HIV/AIDS [ 9 ] . In concurrence with other kid protection constitutions, UNICEF has instigated societal protection strategies to increase exposure to instruction and wellness services and aid communities and carers [ 10 ] .

UNICEF has found the prominence of force and development of kids to be one of the premier crises across the Earth [ 11 ] . Issues such as unregistered births, child labor, kid matrimony, sexual development of kids, female venereal mutilation, force against kids and other human rights misdemeanors are extremely prevailing and insufficiently recognised and addressed [ 12 ] . By supplying a protective environment for kids and raising consciousness of these kid maltreatments, UNICEF hopes to bring forth responses and preventive steps to antagonize these misdemeanors of kids ‘s human rights [ 13 ] .

Another country UNICEF hopes to turn to is the deficiency of quality instruction available to many kids [ 14 ] . Harmonizing to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( UDHR ) article 26, instruction is a basic human right [ 15 ] . Education is the basis of personal and social development. Implementing the aid of local, national and international spouses, UNICEF works to vouch every kid is entitled to a quality instruction, irrespective of gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic background or personal fortunes [ 16 ] . Gender equality is another strong focal point as UNICEF works to increase the figure of misss with entree to education [ 17 ] . UNICEF approaches these educational jobs with a rights-based attitude with the hope of bettering some of societies ‘ entrenched inequalities [ 18 ] . Precedences have been established by UNICEF to get the better of the jobs, which include equal entree, cosmopolitan primary instruction, gender quality and female instruction, post-crisis and exigency instruction, early childhood development and enhanced educational quality [ 19 ] . However, UNICEF understands that its purposes for cosmopolitan instruction necessitate a long term planetary committedness [ 20 ] .

UNICEF ‘s dominant function is that of working in exigencies and presenting equal human-centered aid to kids in demand [ 21 ] . During wartimes, UNICEF initiates critical intercessions to salvage the lives and protect the rights of vulnerable kids [ 22 ] . The focal point of these intercessions is to supply and determine exigency health care, sufficient nutrient, clean imbibing H2O and sanitation [ 23 ] . Post-war Restoration of educational establishments aids with kid protection and the reinstatement of normal modus operandis [ 24 ] . Wartimes frequently bring about increased female force, kid abduction and assemblage of kid soldiers. UNICEF works to battle these jobs in three prevailing ways: bar, protection, convalescence and reintegration [ 25 ] .

Criticisms of UNICEF

Despite their human-centered stance, UNICEF has received unfavorable judgments from assorted groups, authoritiess and persons for neglecting to adequately turn to the jobs confronting peculiar groups. Israeli non-governmental administration NGO Monitor, is extremely critical of UNICEF ‘s engagement with and support of ‘Palestinian Youth Association for Leadership and Rights Activation ‘ ( PYALARA ) [ 26 ] . A supposed non-political group, NGO Monitor alleges that PYALARA has been dishonest refering its hidden docket [ 27 ] . PYALARA ‘s young person newspaper has been reported by NGO Monitor to recommend open political purposes and indirectly show support of panic onslaughts on civilians and suicide bombardments [ 28 ] . UNICEF has a policy of merely back uping non-political administrations and has been criticised by NGO Monitor for demoing political prejudice or carelessness in their responsibility to be cognizant of PYALARA ‘s true activities [ 29 ] .

UNICEF has besides been disapproved of by the American Life League for the debut of “ household planning ” as portion of their “ maternal and child wellness services ” [ 30 ] . With these new services came the distribution of preventives by UNICEF to states enduring overpopulation and poorness [ 31 ] . Soon after this contention, UNICEF reportedly spent huge sums of support to originate sterilization installations in states around the universe [ 32 ] . Further to these claims, the Catholic Church attacked UNICEF for its publicity of preventives, abortion and sterilization, and show of a suction abortion machine order signifier on the UNICEF web site [ 33 ] . In 1996, following the find of a sterilising agent in the UNICEF distributed tetanus vaccinums in the Philippines, Mexico, Nicaragua, Tanzania, India and Nigeria, the Vatican really withdrew its one-year contribution to UNICEF in disapprobation of their patterns [ 34 ] .

Sudanese Oxford bookman Bona Malwal and The International Humanist and Ethical Union ( IHEU ) have besides spoken out against UNICEF sing Sudanese bondage. Bona Malwal believes that UNICEF is partially to fault for the go oning bondage in Sudan as they failed to move suitably [ 35 ] . Malwal claims UNICEF has allowed the Sudanese authorities to get away all denouncement at the one-year United Nations Human Rights meetings and turned a unsighted oculus to the hideous human rights breaches that occurred in Sudan [ 36 ] . In neglecting to admit the bondage job in Sudan and alternatively mentioning to countless ‘abductions ‘ , Malwal holds UNICEF responsible for the 100s of 1000s of unaccounted for adult females and kids [ 37 ] . Similarly, UNICEF has faced extra disapprobation by the IHEU [ 38 ] . The IHEU have criticised UNICEF for detaining the slave deliverance action to be undertaken by the Sudanese run Committee for Eradication of Abduction of Women and Children ( CEAWAC ) [ 39 ] . CEAWAC ‘s proposed operation was ferociously supported by the bulk of Sudanese slaves and their households, yet UNICEF did n’t move [ 40 ] . UNICEF ‘s reluctance to name the victims of bondage slaves was another point for depreciation by the IHEU [ 41 ] .

UNICEF is a human-centered administration, directing its attempts in assorted countries to assist battle many of the misdemeanors against kids that occur across the Earth. Focus countries remain in the decrease of disease and malnutrition related deceases, covering with HIV/AIDS sick persons, forestalling the development of kids, guaranting equal entree to instruction and supplying sufficient support in times of exigency and struggle. However, despite its human-centered aims and attempts, UNICEF still receives unfavorable judgment for some of its determinations and defects.

Mentions

  • International Humanist and Ethical Union ( 2005 ) IHEU speaks at UN of predicament of Sudanese slaves, available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.iheu.org/node/170 [ accessed 15 Oct 2009 ]
  • Mark, J. ( 2003 ) Bondage: Sudanese Scholar Speaks Out [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //jmm.aaa.net.au/articles/11093.htm [ accessed 15 Oct, 2009 ]
  • Mosher, S. ( 2009 ) UNICEF, WHO Want ‘Alliance ‘ with Church but Promote Abortion [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.catholic.org/international/international_story.php? id=33157 [ accessed 12 Oct 2009 ]
  • NGO Monitor ( 2003 ) ‘UNICEF Funding Political Activities ‘ , NGO Monitor Analysis [ online ] , 1 ( 5 ) , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ngo-monitor.org/editions/v1n05/v1n05-1.htm [ accessed 12 Oct 2009 ]
  • Tignor, L. ( 2005 ) The Truth About UNICEF [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.all.org/article.php? id=10105 [ accessed 12 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2006 ) UNICEF ‘s Role in Emergencies [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/emerg/index_33296.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2008 ) Basic Education and Gender Equality: United nations children’s fund in Action [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index_action.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2008 ) Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse: the Big Picture [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/protection/index_bigpicture.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2008 ) Children and HIV and AIDS: United nations children’s fund in Action [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/aids/index_42838.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2008 ) Partnership for Education and Gender Equality [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index_44865.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2008 ) Who We Are [ on-line ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/about/who/index_introduction.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2008 ) Young Child Survival and Development [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/childsurvival/index.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2009 ) Basic Education and Gender Equality [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index.php [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • UNICEF ( 2009 ) Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/protection/index.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  • United Nations ( 2009 ) Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( 1948 ) [ on-line ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/ [ Accessed 14 Oct, 2009 ]

Bibliography

  1. Brizee, A. ( 2009 ) Memo Writing [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/printable/590/ [ accessed 3 Oct 2009 ]
  2. UNICEF ( 2008 ) Who We Are [ on-line ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/about/who/index_introduction.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  3. ibid
  4. ibid
  5. UNICEF ( 2008 ) Young Child Survival and Development [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/childsurvival/index.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  6. ibid
  7. ibid
  8. ibid
  9. UNICEF ( 2008 ) Children and HIV and AIDS: United nations children’s fund in Action [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/aids/index_42838.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  10. ibid
  11. ibid
  12. UNICEF ( 2008 ) Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse: the Big Picture [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/protection/index_bigpicture.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  13. ibid
  14. UNICEF ( 2009 ) Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/protection/index.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  15. UNICEF ( 2009 ) Basic Education and Gender Equality [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index.php [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  16. United Nations ( 2009 ) Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( 1948 ) [ on-line ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/ [ accessed 14 Oct 2009 ]
  17. UNICEF, Basic Education and Gender Equality [ online ]
  18. ibid
  19. ibid
  20. UNICEF ( 2008 ) Basic Education and Gender Equality: United nations children’s fund in Action [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index_action.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  21. UNICEF ( 2008 ) Partnership for Education and Gender Equality [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/girlseducation/index_44865.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  22. UNICEF ( 2006 ) UNICEF ‘s Role in Emergencies [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.unicef.org/emerg/index_33296.html [ accessed 10 Oct 2009 ]
  23. ibid
  24. ibid
  25. ibid
  26. ibid
  27. NGO Monitor. ( 2003 ) ‘UNICEF Funding Political Activities ‘ , NGO Monitor Analysis [ online ] , 1 ( 5 ) , available hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ngo-monitor.org/editions/v1n05/v1n05-1.htm [ accessed 12 Oct 2009 ]
    NGO Monitor is a Jerusalem based administration who monitor Middle Eastern NGOs with the purpose of forbiding other NGOs from advancing perceived “ ideologically motivated anti-Israel dockets ‘ .
    PYALARA is a pupil tally Palestinian NGO.
  28. ibid
  29. ibid
  30. ibid
  31. Tignor, L. ( 2005 ) The Truth About UNICEF [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.all.org/article.php? id=10105 [ accessed 12 Oct 2009 ]
  32. ibid
  33. ibid
  34. Mosher, S. ( 2009 ) UNICEF, WHO Want ‘Alliance ‘ with Church but Promote Abortion [ online ] , available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.catholic.org/international/international_story.php? id=33157 [ accessed 12 Oct 2009 ]
  35. Tignor, The Truth About UNICEF [ online ]
  36. Mark, J. ( 2003 ) , Slavery: Sudanese Scholar Speaks Out [ online ] , available hypertext transfer protocol: //jmm.aaa.net.au/articles/11093.htm [ accessed 15 Oct, 2009 ]
  37. ibid
  38. ibid
  39. International Humanist and Ethical Union, ( 2005 ) IHEU speaks at UN of predicament of Sudanese slaves, available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.iheu.org/node/170 [ accessed 15 Oct 2009 ]
  40. ibid
  41. ibid
  42. ibid