War At Sea Essay

Throughout the war the British fleets were superior. This was likely due to its big imperium.

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1914 The first naval conflict was on August 28 when the British raided Heligoland Bight. British destroyers entered this German naval base and fired gunmans but the Germans sent out patrol car ships. which were bigger and stronger. The destroyers retreated to open sea whilst being chased by the Germans and shooting at by Battle ships.

In September. pigboat warfare began when German pigboat U-9. sank 3 British patrol cars. Meanwhile. 3 British patrol cars pursued 3 rival patrol cars to the seashore of Chile where on November 1st. the Battle of Coronel took topographic point. The Germans sunk 2 British patrol cars without fring 1 ship. When they heard of this the British Admiralty sent 2 more conflict patrol cars to drop the Germans. but they had gone to the Falkland Islands to bust a British radio and charing station. To their surprise they found a British squadron refuelling. The surprised. flying Germans were destroyed and 1. 800 Germans died.

In the Indian Ocean. the German ship Emden assailing little ports and sea-side small towns ( Alliess to the British ) but later in the beginning of November was destroyed by an Australian patrol car.

1915 On January 23rd. a German squadron went to bust the English seashore. but the English had been warned. and sent a fleet to run into them. They met at Dogger Bank and the Germans fled. The British were faster and drop one patrol car and their 2 flagships were damaged. Because of a misinterpretation of signals. the British onslaught was non as full on as it should hold been so the leftover German ships escaped.

The ground the Americans got involved. was when the sail line drive Lusitania was torpedoed twice and drop. 1. 198 people died. 124 of them Americans. On August 19th. the British line drive Arabic was lost and 4 more Americans died.

1916 The Battle of Jutland This was the lone naval all-out conflict in World War 1. Neither side was prepared to free this conflict. On the 31st of May. the British Grand Fleet saw the full High Seas Fleet – 98 German ships sailing together. Both the British fleets advanced. David Beattys fleet took a parallel mob to the German ships and reached them foremost followed by Hugh Evan-Thomas’s squadron.

They opened fire and Beatty lost the ships Indefatigable and Queen Mary and received several hits to his flagship Lion. Beatty retreated to Sir John Jellicoe’s chief fleet. Both sides sustained many losingss and took many casualties. That dark when the chief conflict was over. the Germans tried to get away. They ran into the tail of a line of patrol cars following Jellicoes southbound fleet. Once they were through the helter-skelter fire. sinkings and hits of the dark they went back to the Jade Anchorage.

1917 By 1917. Germany had built up its naval forcess and because of this and unrestricted pigboat warfare Britain about had to draw out of the war at sea with their depleted naval forces. But they did non hold to because Britain would of needful supplies. so some of the staying ships of the British fleet joined with some American destroyers and escorted merchandiser ships to and from ports. whist destructing pigboats. This was the convoy system. In February. March and April the Germans raided the English Channel. and in response. Britain raided Ostend and Zeebrugge several times. Subsequently in the twelvemonth. the British raided German coastal transportation in Holland and in November unsuccessfully raided German minesweeping operations in Heligoland Bight. In December the Germans raided several British-Scandinavian convoys. Britain lost many ships.

1918 German pigboat warfare had been decreased by the allied convoy system. but it had non been stopped wholly. Foraies were sent to Ostend. Zeebrugge and Bruges ( 3 ports where pigboats operated ) but were non really successful. 2 more German ships – Battle patrol car Goeben and light patrol car Breslau were attacked in the Aegean Sea. Breslau was sunk and Goeben was severely damaged.

In March. the Germans made a big onslaught and this pushed back the Allies. but subsequently in the twelvemonth they retaliated and conquered the German naval forces. this won them and ended the war at sea.