The life and works of Dr. Maria Montessori Essay


Maria Montessori. whose radical attack to learning changed the class of modern instruction. It is of import background reading for parents sing Montessori instruction for their kids. every bit good as for those preparation to go Montessori instructors. The first adult female to win a grade as a Doctor of Medicine in Italy in 1896. Maria Montessori’s mission to better children’s instruction began in the slums of Rome in 1907. and continued throughout her life-time. Her penetrations into the heads of kids led her to develop prepared environments and other tools and devices that have come to qualify Montessori instruction today. Her influence in other states has been profound and many of her learning methods have been adopted by pedagogues by and large. She worked in the Fieldss of psychopathology. instruction and anthropology. She believed that each kid is born with a alone potency to be revealed. instead than as a “blank slate” waiting to be written upon. Her chief parts to the work of those of us raising and educating kids are in these countries:

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•Preparing the most natural and life back uping environment for the kid
•Observing the kid populating freely in this environment
•Continually accommodating the environment in order that the kid may carry through his greatest possible — physically. mentally. emotionally. and spiritually


Maria Montessori was. in many ways. in front of her clip. Born in the town of Chiaravalle. in the state of Ancona. Italy. in 1870. she became the first female doctor in Italy upon her graduation from medical school in 1896. Shortly afterwards. she was chosen to stand for Italy at two different women’s conferences. in Berlin in 1896 and in London in 1900. In her medical pattern. her clinical observations led her to analyse how kids learn. and she concluded that they build themselves from what they find in their environment. Switching her focal point from the organic structure to the head. she returned to the university in 1901. this clip to analyze psychological science and doctrine. In 1904. she was made a professor of anthropology at the University of Rome.


Her desire to assist kids was so strong. nevertheless. that in 1906 she gave up both her university chair and her medical pattern to work with a group of 60 immature kids of working parents in the San Lorenzo territory of Rome. It was there that she founded the first Casa dei Bambini. or “Children’s House. ” What finally became the Montessori Method of instruction developed at that place. based upon Montessori’s scientific observations of these children’s about effortless ability to absorb cognition from their milieus. every bit good as their tireless involvement in pull stringsing stuffs. Every piece of equipment. every exercising. every method Montessori developed was based on what she observed kids to make “naturally. ” by themselves. unassisted by grownups.

Children teach themselves. This simple but profound truth inspired Montessori’s womb-to-tomb chase of educational reform. methodological analysis. psychological science. instruction. and teacher training–all based on her dedication to fostering the self-creating procedure of the kid. Maria Montessori made her first visit to the United States in 1913. the same twelvemonth that Alexander Graham Bell and his married woman Mabel founded the Montessori Educational Association at their Washington. DC. place. Among her other strong American protagonists were Thomas Edison and Helen Keller.


In 1915. she attracted universe attending with her “glass house” classroom exhibit at the Panama-Pacific International Exhibition in San Francisco. On this 2nd U. S. visit. she besides conducted a instructor preparation class and addressed the one-year conventions of both the National Education Association and the International Kindergarten Union. The commission that brought her to San Francisco included Margaret Wilson. the girl of U. S. President Woodrow Wilson. The Spanish authorities invited her to open a research institute in 1917. In 1919. she began a series of teacher preparation classs in London. In 1922. she was appointed a authorities inspector of schools in her native Italy. but because of her resistance to Mussolini’s fascism. she was forced to go forth Italy in 1934. She traveled to Barcelona. Spain. and was rescued at that place by a British patrol car in 1936. during the Spanish Civil War. She opened the Montessori Training Centre in Laren. Netherlands. in 1938. and founded a series of teacher preparation classs in India in 1939.

In 1940. when India entered World War II. she and her boy. Mario Montessori. were interned as enemy foreigners. but she was still permitted to carry on preparation classs. Subsequently. she founded the Montessori Center in London ( 1947 ) . In her ulterior old ages. Dr. Montessori conducted preparation classs in Pakistan. London and the Netherlands. Montessori traveled worldwide for over 40 old ages. set uping preparation classs. talking. composing and advancing her principled method of larning. She was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times–in 1949. 1950. and 1951. Maria Montessori died in Noordwijk. Holland. in 1952. but her work lives on through the Association Montessori Internationale ( AMI ) . the organisation she founded in Amsterdam. Netherlands. in 1929 to transport on her work.


Maria Montessori was a adult female far in front of her clip. a airy and a scientist. She developed a system of instruction. and a manner of apprehension and honouring kids. that was based on scientific observation. seeing the kid as he or she genuinely is. These rules of Montessori philosophy—such as the absorbent head. sensitive periods. and intrinsic motivation—are confirmed by the most recent encephalon research about how kids learn and how the encephalon develops. These rules have still non been assimilated into standard educational pattern ; in many ways Montessori remains in front of our times. It was during that period. late in her life. that her position of cosmic instruction to the full developed. She became committed to a planetary vision of humanity. reasoning that merely through right instruction of our kids will universe peace be achieved.

Once once more she was in front of her clip. with this apprehension of the planet as a whole. and a vision of the possible development of humanity. She was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize several times. Since her decease. Montessori instruction has flourished. with schools on every continent. and developing centres worldwide. A diverse and sometimes viing group of Montessori organisations and preparation centres developed over the old ages. It is worthy of note that in the last decennary there has been a strong and inspiriting move among some Montessorians. including the leaders of the largest organisations. to work together more. . In this 2nd decennary of the twenty-first century. a hundred old ages after her first “Casa. ” Dr. Montessori’s penetrations and holistic method of instruction are more relevant and necessary than of all time.