A Rajput is a member of one of the landowning patrilinear kins of cardinal and northern India. Rajputs consider themselves posterities of one of the major opinion warrior groups of the Hindu Kshatriya varna ( societal order ) in the Indian subcontinent. peculiarly North India. The Rajputs rose to prominence during the 6th to 12th centuries. and until the twentieth century Rajputs ruled in the “overwhelming majority” of the deluxe provinces of Rajasthan and Saurashtra. where the largest figure of princely provinces were found. They are divided into three major line of descents. The Rajput imperium spread in many states: Afghanistan. Pakistan. Nepal. Bangladesh. India. Southeast Asia and some parts of Tibet. The four Agnivanshi kins viz. the Pariharas ( Pratihara ) . Solankis ( Chalukya dynasty ) Paramaras and Chahamanas rose to prominence foremost. set uping districts and making lands. The Rajputs were chiefly feudal Godheads under the over-lordship of the swayers belonging to Pratiharas – a dynasty that ruled until the tenth century. Gradually. they attained the position of independent swayers.
Their rule spread over most parts of north India. In the north-west part known as Rajputana. which comprises the present twenty-four hours Rajasthan and parts of Pakistan. The Rajput community comprised of the Chauhans of East Punjab. Northern Rajasthan and Delhi. the Rathores of Uttar Pradesh. the Paramaras of Central India and the Tomars of Gwalior and subsequently. Delhi. Of these the Chauhans and the Rathores were dominant kins. The Rajput though brave and gallant frequently succumbed to inter-clan competitions. which proved advantageous for the Muslim swayers during the mediaeval period. The Rajputs being a dominant Hindu kin offered heavy opposition to the Muslim swayers who spread their regulation over India during the mediaeval period. The Rajput princes maintained their ain independent princely lands. Some of the brave Rajput swayers who have been made their names eternal in Indian history are Prithviraj Chauhan. Rana Kumbha. Rana Sangram Singh. Rana Udai Singh and Maharana Pratap. Prithviraj Chauhan proved to be the last Rajput swayer of Delhi.
The Chauhans. led by Govinda. grandson of Prithviraj. subsequently established a little province centered around Rathambore in contemporary Rajasthan. The Rajput life style was designed to further a soldierly spirit. with work forces even hammering a bond with their blade. The double-edged scimitar known as the khanda was a popular arm among the Rajputs of that epoch. On particular occasions. primary head would interrupt up a meeting of his liege heads with khanda nariyal. the distribution of stickers and coconuts. Many Rajputs are nostalgic about their yesteryear and keenly witting of their family tree. stressing a Rajput ethos that is soldierly in spirit. with a ferocious pride in line of descent and tradition.
The Rajput swayers had a acute sense of beauty in art and architecture which is seen in the artistic excellence of their temples. garrisons and castles. The Indo-european manner of architecture developed in North India and Upper Deccan and the Dravidian manner in South India during the Rajput period. Both sculpture and architecture attained a high grade of excellence. e. g. The Rathas of Mahabalipuram or Mammallapuram. the Kailash temple at Ellora and the sculpture of Elephanta belonging to the early Rajput period ( 600 Ad to 900 AD ) The temple architecture of Orissa. Khajuraho. Rajasthan. Madhya Pradesh and the Pallava. Chola and Hoysala temples in the South belong to the ulterior Rajput period. ( 900 AD to 1200 AD )