Using material from item A and elsewher Essay

Using stuff from point A and elsewhere. measure the position that the growing of spiritual fundamentalism is a reaction to globalization As mentioned in point A ‘much has been written about the diminution of spiritual beliefs and the secularization of modern societies’ this states that the growing of fundamentalism represents a civilization which tends to be a clang between the sacred an layman. Fundamentalism refers to ‘black and white’ thought that opposes modernism or any kind of progressive beliefs about faith and societal subjects. Rejecting modern beliefs does non peculiarly make fundamentalist group violent. Whilst the point references ‘they reject modern readings o faith as holding lost their ways because instructions have been watered down’ this supports the thought that fundamentalist groups tend to oppose anything that challenges their spiritual readings and sentiments. There are assorted features of fundamentalism ; a sociologist Bruce indicates the fact that spiritual text are seen as perfect.

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Mentioning back to the point it suggests that ‘fundamentalism seek a return to a actual reading of their holy book and rigorous obeisance to religious teachings’ this supports Bruce thought as such holy instruction must be read literally-be it the bible. Koran or the Torah for e. g. Homosexuality is seen to be a wickedness. and fundamentalist groups are strongly against this position. Although there are many holy instructions and beliefs. one effect of this is that fundamentalism rejects spiritual pluralism ; there can be but one actual truth. This reflects on the of import deductions for what school Teach for e. g. in some Christian schools in USA. the obect the scientific accounts of creative activity. Another facet of fundamentalist is there is a profound rejection of modern society. Populating in the modern universe is seen as debatable because of the assortment of pick ; including excessively much pick of faith. gender. lifestyle etc.

As mentioned in the point ‘while fundamentalism may hold positions that differ greatly from the mainstream’ this supports the perceptual experience that fundamentalists reject the thought of pick and asseverate the value of tradition. Last. another feature is activism. Activism is strongly encouraged whereby fundamentalists are vocal in their battle of good against immorality. In their ways of active attack many fundamentalists resort to force in command to show both their hate of modernness and the demand for tradition values to return for all. Examples of radical fundamentalism include the shot of Malala. bombardment of abortion clinics. 9/11 etc. Muslim fundamentalists. Quoting from the point ‘some sociologists argue that one response to globalization has been the growing of spiritual fundamentalists’ This was the cardinal position of Giddens whom mentioned that globalization has turned the whole planet Earth into a ‘global village’ such that every point on the planet is changeless and lose touch with the remainder of the universe via electronic. orbiter or telephone communicating.

This has had a immense impact on fundamentalism. There are clear illustrations of how globalization has helped fundamentalist groups for e. g. Terrorist groups such al-Qaedas have assorted web sites to both communicating members and turn in Numberss. Depite the fact that fundamentalists are against modernness. they can be seen as hypocritical groups as they tend to utilize modern ways and engineering to distribute their positions. Another clear illustration is represented by the Miss World beauty Pageant in Nigeria 2002 A ‘blasphemous’ article was published by a newspaper office proposing the prophesier Muhammed ( pbuh ) would hold liked a Miss World Beauty Queen. This had raised public violences by Muslim fundamentalists which claimed over 100 lives. Measuring the position that globalization has a turning province of fundamentalists. if such articles were non published. would at that place be such a big graduated table of fundamentalist activity?

However growing in fundamentalism can be due to other factors beside globalization. A response to secularization ; one time once more Bruce identifies fundamentalism is caused by secularisation- he argues the diminution in faith in modern society. uniting the positions of scientific discipline and reason. undermines traditional religions which supports grounds from the point as it mentions ‘but fundamentalism seems to travel against this trend’ and hence this does non truly suggest that globalization is the chief reaction to the growing of fundamentalist groups. Almond et al agree secularization and modernization green goodss fundamentalist nevertheless connoting that it is caused by aspects such as low degrees of instruction and high degrees of inequality. economic jobs supplanting of people by war. and western bitterness and hatred. This besides ties in with such facts that fundamentalism is more likely to develop when ; there is merely one sacred perfect text which followings can reason. a faith must hold a common enemy etc.

Such facets determine that globalization is non the lone factor. there are many other ways of fundamentalist groups increasing Another facet may be certainty in a universe of pick. Fundamentalists groups tend to hold an entreaty to those who seek a moral ground tackle in a universe of limitless pick i. e. immature people. Modernity creates a moral ambiguity- unaware of what to make and therefore taking to a profuseness of pick and a deficiency of counsel. This verifies the thought that globalization is non the lone ground as to why fundamentalists is turning. but pulling people in other ways. Last. Karen Armstrongs position besides supports the position that it is non due to globalisation.

She argues there is nil in Islamic faith which tends to take towards fundamentalist beliefs. Many Muslim leaders and followings are in favor of Westernization and modernization. However her statement differs to many as she states that the West has tried to enforce modernization excessively quickly in these states and as a consequence. this has lead to mass bitterness f the West by many Islamic populations in the universe. therefore encouraging Islamic fundamentalism. In decision. although gloablisation does play a major function as to why fundamentalist groups are quickly turning. we can non presume this is the lone manner. Measuring the position of this. it does necessitate to be taken into consideration that there are other elements which have an impact of fundamentalist groups immensely distributing such as secularization. economic jobs. certainty in a universe of pick etc.