Welfare: Drug Testing Measures Essay

Over the old ages the figure of people depending on public assistance has increased vastly and today the inquiry of whether these people should be drug tested or non arises. Millions of people receive public assistance from the authorities whether it is from unemployment benefits. fiscal assistance. nutrient casts. or other plans that assist people fighting to last. Welfare was developed to help the needy with their fiscal demands. As we can see in history throughout the old ages the authorities has developed more plans to help the hapless. In 1935 Congress passed the Social Security Act. which gives assistance to the dependent kids. This jurisprudence besides implements unemployment insurance and senior citizens a pension. In 1964 Congress passed the Food Stamp Act to assist destitute households buy food markets. Even though these Acts where created to assist the hapless. many taxpayers disagree that public assistance is indispensable for the economic system.

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A really dramatic step that has people speaking is the consideration of go throughing a jurisprudence that requires drug proving for public assistance receivers. There are those that support the step taking topographic point but besides those that are opposed it. I believe if there is any perversive behaviour or any behavior associating with the usage of illegal drugs or mistreating any type of drug that is suspected. so the receiver should be drug tested upon petition to maintain receiving assistance. In 1989 there was two instances that involved drug proving public employees—Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives’ Association and National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab—the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the authorities can necessitate drug trials when it has a “compelling” involvement to make so unrelated to jurisprudence enforcement. In 2000. a twelvemonth after Michigan passed a jurisprudence necessitating public assistance receivers to take drug trials. federal Judge Victoria Roberts ruled in Marchwinski v. Howard that the legislative act violates the Fourth Amendment’s prohibition on “unreasonable hunts and seizures” and is therefore unconstitutional. In her determination. she writes that the province has no compelling involvement that justifies necessitating the trial ( Cardinal Events in the History of Welfare and Drug Testing. 2013 ) .

Supporters argue that the authorities should drug trial public assistance receivers because they believe that “taxes paid by Americans should non travel to people who use drugs or have substance maltreatment jobs. ” These people besides believe that drug testing will supply an enterprise for public assistance receivers to seek intervention and go productive in society ( Welfare Drug Testing. 2013 ) . In 1996 Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. This jurisprudence allows provinces to drug trial people using for benefits under the federal public assistance plan. Impermanent Aid for Needy Families ( TANF ) plan ( Cardinal Events in the History of Welfare Drug Testing. 2013 ) .

Ranee. a author and subscriber to Helium. is a protagonist for compulsory drug proving public assistance receivers. as she demonstrates when asked “should drug trials be required of Welfare Recipients? She argues that public assistance should be merely reserved for exigencies. She wrote “I’m non toss offing the public assistance system ; I merely believe that it should be reserved for exigency state of affairss. like people losing their occupations because of the economic system and the handicapped. ” She supports this by conveying up her female parent as a individual who abused drugs and the system and that the public assistance benefits encouraged her to maintain on making these things ( Welfare Programs Should Include Mandatory Drug Testing. 2012 ) . “Bill Piper. manager of national personal businesss of the Drug Policy Alliance. attempts to debate the topic with Mike Bennett. US senator from Colorado. on Fox News.

Piper states that it is an invasion of privateness and would be mortifying for person to hold to acknowledge that they are on Viagra or anti-depressants. ” Ranee says that Bill Piper believes that drug proving public assistance receivers would be excessively expensive and hazardous for children’s lives. She disagrees with his perceptual experience. She besides thinks Piper is pathetic for desiring to “expand entree to treatment” alternatively of drug testing. Ranee negotiations from personal experience and the chief ground why I believe she is a protagonist of drug proving public assistance receivers is because when she was younger her female parent used drugs and abused the system and still is. She has a perceptual experience of the step harmonizing to how she saw things turning up and the things that hurt her such as her female parent. She strongly believes that difficult working earned money should non travel to those who abuse the system ( Welfare Programs Should Include Mandatory Drug Testing. 2012 ) .

Those opposed to drug proving public assistance receivers believe that it demonstrates false andharmful stereotypes ; it’s non just. and unconstitutional. Oppositions argue that drug proving public assistance receivers is unconstitutional harmonizing to the Fourth Amendment go againsting privateness. Daily Kos blogger Doug Berger wrote in September 2013. “It means the authorities has to hold likely cause to prove you for drugs. Having a prejudice toward hapless people. believing they must all be dirty and on drugs isn’t likely cause. ” Oppositions of the step besides bring forth the issue that drug testing is excessively dearly-won for the authorities. Alternatively of salvaging money for these public assistance plans they are passing it on drug proving people and out of those they have tested merely a really little per centum have been mistreating drugs.

Harmonizing to “By the Numbers: Welfare Drug Testing 2013” about 29 provinces considered the debut of a drug proving step in 2013. Since 2013 about 10 provinces have passed a drug proving step. The estimated one-year cost of the auxiliary Nutrition Assistance Program ( SNAP ) is about 80 billion and the proposed cuts by the authorities are 39 billion. About 15 per centum of the U. S. population uses nutrient casts and 50 million are Americans. Thought history we can see that the figure of public assistance receivers have increased vastly. In 1972 about 10 million people received welfare benefits. In 1996 about 12 million people received public assistance. In 2010 about 4. 5 million received public assistance. The figure of people. that where drug tested by Michigan’s public assistance. was 268 and merely 8 per centum tested positive. The figure of people tested under Florida’s welfare drug proving plan was 4. 086 and merely 2. 6 per centum failed.

The entire cost of Florida’s welfare drug proving plan was 45. 780. The per centum of TANF receivers who reported holding a drug maltreatment job is 5 per centum and 8 per centum of the general population ( By the Numbers: Welfare Drug Testing. 2013 ) . There were many cases sing the step taken to drug trial public assistance receivers. In July of 2011 Florida passed a jurisprudence that required all TAFN benefit receivers to drug trial. Luis Lebron. a TAFN receiver. filed against this step with the aid of The American Civil Liberties Union and in October federal justice Mary Scriven ruled that the step violated the Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution’s unreasonable hunt and ictus against protection ( Appeals Court Upholds Michigan Welfare Drug Testing. 2013 ) . In 2013 Scriven’s determination was appealed by a three-judge panel on the 11th Circuit Court. This is a portion of what the extract said: Even were we to reason that the province could non demo a particular demand sufficient to warrant the drug proving. we would however happen that the complainants have non shown that the drug testing is an unreasonable hunt.

Rather. we think that the grounds suggests that the Michigan plan imposes a status on the plaintiffs’ having the plan benefits. and that there has been no demoing that the status is unreasonable. They believed that drug testing was needed in order to do certain that the money that was being given to welfare receivers was being spent on what it was intended for and non for drugs ( Appeals Court Upholds Michigan Welfare Drug Testing. 2014 ) . In September of 2008 North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory vetoed statute law that would hold required some receivers of hard currency public assistance benefits to undergo drug showings. naming it a fiscal boondoggle that had proven uneffective in other provinces. Even though cases are being pursued by the oppositions of the step. provinces are still taking steps to drug trial public assistance receivers. The provinces that have passed such Torahs are Arizona. Florida. Georgia. Kansas. Missouri. Oklahoma. Tennessee and Utah. harmonizing to NCSL ( North Carolina governor vetoes drug trials for some public assistance searchers. 2013 ) . Neither a protagonist nor an opposition of the step of drug proving. I believe if there is any perversive behaviour or any behavior associating with the usage of illegal drugs or mistreating any type of drug that is suspected. so the receiver should be drug tested upon petition to maintain receiving assistance.

Plants Cited

ACLU of Florida. Press release about Luis Lebron vs. David Wilkins drumhead judgement. Dec. 31. 2013 “Appeals Court Upholds Michigan Welfare Drug Testing Program ( sidebar ) . ” Issues & A ; Controversies. Facts On File News Services. 31 Dec. 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. . “By the Numbers: Welfare Drug Testing. ” Issues & A ; Controversies. Facts On File News Services. 31 Dec. 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. . Interview. Michelle Glady. spokeswoman Florida Department of Children and Families. Dec. 31. 2013 “Judge work stoppages down Florida jurisprudence mandating drug trials for public assistance. ” Reuters. Issues & A ; Controversies. Facts On File News Services. 31 Dec. 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. “Key Events in the History of Welfare Drug Testing ( sidebar ) . ” Issues & A ; Controversies. Facts On File News Services. 31 Dec. 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. . “North Carolina
governor vetoes drug trials for some public assistance searchers. ” Reuters. Issues & A ; Controversies. Facts On File News Services. 15 Aug. 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. U. S. District Court Middle District of Florida. Luis Lebron vs. David Wilkins drumhead judgement. Dec. 31. 2013 “Welfare Drug Testing. ” Issues & A ; Controversies. Facts On File News Services. 31 Dec. 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. . “Welfare Programs Should Include Mandatory Drug Testing. ” Welfare. Ed. Margaret Haerens. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. 2012. Opposing Point of views. Opposing Point of views in Context. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.