The Private Universities In Sri Lanka Information Technology Essay

The World has become a planetary small town and South East Asiatic states are a hive of educational activity. Land realities all point to the fact that clip is right for Sri Lanka to take on the challenge of private Universities. Even though there is a immense statement raised in the state sing gap of private universities in Sri Lanka, now we are in a critical point of clip to take a determination about it.

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2. After stoping of a 30 twelvemonth prolonged civil war, Sri Lanka is now started a journey toward the development. In order to accomplish the development undertakings which the state needs now, a squad of good educated working force is a must. In 2009/10, more than 200,000 pupils sat the Advance Level and about half the figure achieved the minimal makings. From them 47000 sought admittance to province universities but merely fewer than half – 21500 got seats. About 10000 pupils go abroad to foreign universities yearly to prosecute their higher instruction at a immense cost to their parents.

3. Two positions – Sri Lanka need them. Sri Lanka does n’t necessitate them. Because they are menace to free instruction. On the other manus, Brain drain in a different signifier where a subdivision of the immature and bright will go forth For higher instruction abroad, and find themselves occupations and places in those states striping Sri Lanka of fresh endowment and intelligent. Taking states like Malaysia, Singapore, India, and Pakistan, It is obvious that private higher instruction is booming, profiting non merely local pupils but besides gaining the much income through foreign pupils.

Purpose

4. The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether the private universities are suited to this state or non.

PRESENT UNIVERSITY SYSTEM OF SRI LANKA

5. In Sri Lanka registration rate in higher instruction is low when compared to other states. The enrolment rate for developing states is 5 % . In Sri Lanka registration in universities have stagnated around 2 % to 2.5 % and in this context the importance of utilizing distance manner of higher instruction has been identifies as a manner of get the better ofing this job.

6. Higher instruction should be linked strongly to socio-economic development and investment in it will construct up the Human capital necessity for development. The University Grant Commission has fifteen ( 15 ) universities, three ( 3 ) campuses and 16 ( 16 ) higher educational establishments under its horizon. With a turning demand for university instruction entree has to be increased and quality improved while keeping equity. Constructing university edifices is non plenty ; the installations should be at that place every bit good as qualified and experient staff and undergraduate course of studies that cater to the occupation market. This can non be done nightlong. Annually 120,000 to 130,000 gets qualified to have higher instruction, but our universities can merely take 30,000. In 2009 out of all pupils who sat for progress degree scrutiny some 62 % gets qualified to come in the universities although some 16 % were admitted. The Government spends about 20 billion rupees per twelvemonth on province universities and other higher instruction establishments. In 2010/11 the sum allocated has been increased to 23 billion rupees.

7. Most of the province universities depend on the financess given by university Grant committee. The Sri Lankan system of university instruction began in 1921 with the constitution of the university college, Which in 1942 was elevated to the position of to the full fledge university, which at its origin accommodated merely 904 students.. The impact of the free instruction strategy came to be felt in the 60s and 70s and the university system in response to those force per unit areas, some of which were political in character, make certain accommodations where by the system underwent a change.. It was on the footing for Sri Lanka to set up provincial universities to spread out the chances for higher instruction. These universities are new, and their substructure non yet developed, even though the new system broke off from the mold of the conventional university. They introduced new classs which have been organised on the footing of the construct of employability. Our present policy scheme is to bring forth an employable competent alumnus, who can happen employment in whatever field he or she under takes to analyze.

8. By set uping the SLIATE in 1994 Government of Sri Lanka created the system of Technological instruction to run into the demand for preparation which, at the clip was unheard of higher instruction. This sort of establishment has to be in measure with industrial and technological alterations in the state, peculiarly with respect to engineering implemented globally, public and private establishments engage in development could so do usage of this intermediate degree of technician who, in due class could obtain higher makings.

9. The University grant committee is the bureau acknowledging under alumnuss to all national universities and their attached campuses and institutes. The one-year enrolment per centum of under alumnus in national universities is about 2.4 % . About 51 % of them are female pupils. However the female pupil registration for Engineering, information Technology, Physical Science courses is less than 20 % . University Grant Commission admits pupils to universities based on the consequence of the general certification of instruction ( Advance Level ) Examination conducted at national Level by the commissioner general of scrutiny. 40 % of the registration is on virtue, 55 % of territory quota based on their population and 5 % has been allocated to under privilege territories. This system has held many pupils from distance territories and rural countries to come in merely beginning of support. Therefore the university grant committee has a great influence over these universities and administrate the undergraduate consumption. The University grant committee comes under the Ministry of higher instruction. A few other institutes exists which are ain by the authorities but map interdependently. The prominent of these is the Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology ( SLIT ) coming under the Ministry of Science and engineering.

ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF THE CURRENT SYSTEM

10. The greatest challenge in the twenty-first century for higher instruction is the acknowledgment of relevancy, which is the demand to accommodate to the immediate demands of the occupation market. This, in other words means that the universities should bring forth an employable alumnus. Through the universities, we need to fix persons to lend to the societal and economic development of the state which can be truthfully achieved if the undergraduates are provided with the relevant accomplishments and the cognition. It is in this context that higher instruction demands to be define as a public service. Higher instruction can besides be define as that it ‘s contribute to cultural, economic and societal development within the context of and cultural diverseness.

11. It is extremely accepted that higher instruction in any given society, whether developed or developing, has to play a function in the production and transmittal of cognition. Knowledge is cosmopolitan and has become the heritage of the world. To change over universities in to knowing establishments, the establishments in the lance of higher instruction demand to be promote to execute an active, originative and advanced function to assist alter society. In other words universities should work as development establishments. Institutions which promote and encourage development.

12. One of the chief issues facing the higher instruction sector in Sri Lanka is the limited entree to higher instruction. A big figure of pupils seeking admittance to Government universities, where higher instruction is provided free of charge, are being denied entree due to limited topographic points available in the universities. The increasing demand for higher instruction is seen in the big Numberss registering as off campus pupils and go forthing the state to analyze abroad.

13. This issue is soon partially addressed by capacity edifice of the unfastened university of Sri Lanka and popularization of distance instruction with public private partnership under the distance instruction modernization undertaking funded by Asian Development Bank.

14. Issues refering quality demand for regulative frame work and common acknowledgment of higher educational makings, which are common in the part are shared by Sri Lanka every bit good, with the turning presence of cross boundary line higher educational institutes. Schemes to turn to these issues are under consideration.

15. Keeping and upgrading the quality of university instruction maintaining up its past repute, positioning the universities among the best universities in the universe are challenges to be faced by Sri Lanka in the following few old ages.

16. The Government policy of Sri Lanka is non to bear down any piece from the under alumnus and sheepskin degree pupils of the universities, campuses, affiliated institutes. However the Government has allowed them to portion the cost of station alumnus programmes, short term preparation programmes, contract research, consultancy and other services.

17. The pupils coming from low income groups are provided fiscal aid from Mahapola scholarship and Government bursaries. Universities excessively have initiated actions to obtain financess from persons, charities and other administrations to acquire financess for assorted pupils ‘ bursary strategies.

18. Another major job with the current higher instruction system in Sri Lanka is, most of higher instruction classs Conduct in these establishments are done in native linguistic communications and non in international linguistic communications like English. And most of the course of studies are out dated and has to be up dated instantly. Because of these affairs there is limited figure of Job chances available for the pupils graduated by these establishments. Besides there are non adequate Lecture halls, inns and other public assistance installations available for these pupils comparing to their existent demands. The Government has to see these affairs in deepness, in order to acquire the expecting consequences from these establishments.

Reforms IN HIGHER EDUCATION

19. Sri Lanka in the period 1994 – 2000, decided to set up universities in the states. The provincial footing universities was based on the realization that the state needed a new theoretical account that could successfully provide to specific demands.

20. The position was that the traditional conventional university, with its traditional subjects, was non the type of university that the state required at this occasion. The state needed a set of few universities which could specialize on class of surveies that are instantly relevant to economic development. Above all they needed to be classs with which the employability of the alumnus could be guaranteed.. The greatest challenge in the twenty-first century for higher instruction is the acknowledgment of relevancy, which is the demand to accommodate to the immediate demands of the occupation market. This, in other words means that the universities should bring forth an employable alumnus. Through the universities, we need to fix persons to lend to the societal and economic development of the state which can be truthfully achieved if the undergraduates are provided with the relevant accomplishments and the cognition. . higher instruction demand to be promote to execute an active, originative and advanced function to assist alter society. In other words universities should work as development establishments. Institutions which promote and encourage development.

22. One of the chief issues facing the higher instruction sector in Sri Lanka is the limited entree to higher instruction. A big figure of pupils seeking admittance to province universities, where higher instruction is provided free of charge, are being denied entree due to limited topographic points available in the universities. The increasing demand for higher instruction is seen in the big Numberss registering as off campus pupils and go forthing the state to analyze abroad.

23. This issue is soon partially addressed by capacity edifice of the unfastened university of Sri Lanka and popularization of distance instruction with public private partnership under the distance instruction modernization undertaking funded by Asia Development Bank.

24. Issues refering quality demand for regulative frame work and common acknowledgment of higher educational makings, which are common in the part are shared by Sri Lanka every bit good, with the turning presence of cross boundary line higher educational institutes. Schemes to turn to these issues are under consideration.

25. Keeping and upgrading the quality of university instruction maintaining up its past repute, positioning the universities among the best universities in the universe are challenges to be faced by Sri Lanka in the following few old ages.

26. The Government policy of Sri Lanka is non to bear down any piece from the under alumnus and sheepskin degree pupils of the universities, campuses, affiliated institutes. However the Government has allowed them to portion the cost of station alumnus programmes, short term preparation programmes, contract research, consultancy and other services.

27. The pupils coming from low income groups are provided fiscal aid from Mahapola scholarship and Government bursaries. Universities excessively have initiated actions to obtain financess from persons, charities and other administrations to acquire financess for assorted pupils ‘ bursary strategies.

28. Another major job with the current higher instruction system in Sri Lanka is, most of higher instruction classs Conduct in these establishments are done in native linguistic communications and non in international linguistic communications like English. And most of the course of studies are out dated and has to be up dated instantly. Because of these affairs there is limited figure of Job chances available for the pupils graduated by these establishments. Besides there are non adequate Lecture halls, inns and other public assistance installations available for these pupils comparing to their existent demands. The Government has to see these affairs in deepness, in order to acquire the expecting consequences from these establishments.

WHY DO WE NEED PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES

32. We are populating in a universe of cognition based economic systems. States like India and China are viing developed universe non through their natural resources instead through their higher quality of human resources. It is true that Sri Lanka can non vie mammoth economic systems such as India and China yet we could be one more Singapore in Asia.

33. Turning demand for higher instruction in Sri Lanka has compelled the Sri Lanka Higher Education Ministry to set up private universities in Sri Lanka really shortly. It is reported that figure of universities will be established throughout the state in association and coaction with international universities. It would be better greater involvement of higher instruction that faculty members politicians and policy shapers debate this issue though mass meeting at assorted degrees. So that higher instruction Ministry could come up with solid declarations more over it could travel frontward with lucidity of idea in to a right way in order to steer our future coevals in the greater involvement of this beautiful island. We need to see all statements about this private and public university argument under prevue of rapid alterations in instruction, human resources development and instruction and acquisition.

34. Not believing locally but believing globally, that is the world of modern universe that we live. Whether we live in distant small town or in Colombo metropolis we are connected globally and therefore it is an pressing demand of our clip that we review and revolutionised our instruction system in face with modern clip demand. We now live really much competitory universe and this competitory universe is so different from our old coevalss. This competitory manner among states is no longer about natural resources as in old centuries instead it is in the field of higher quality of human resources. The new competition of states is non for natural resources instead for skilled human resources. The dominant competitory arm of the twenty-first century will be the instruction and accomplishments of the work force.

35. It is non our agricultural economic system or other natural resources that will give us prosperity and development but instead our human resources could be the chief contributing factor for our rapid development. Does Sri Lanka has solid schemes and be aftering for human resources development? This inquiry should be the base for the argument on constitution of private universities in Sri Lanka or can it make through the public universities entirely. Otherwise it can anticipate some advanced constructs through the constitution of private universities?

36. We truly necessitate to asses if Sri Lankan instruction system as it is today would bring forth a coevals pupils who meet the demands and demands of our planetary small town. Our modern universe has already turned out to be borderless universe through information revolution that brings states so closer than of all time. Human existences may be unrecorded in north and south poles but they are now connected every second of proceedingss that is the world of universe today. This was unpredictable earlier hundred old ages ago. The velocity of opportunity and switch in proficient universe is so astonishing and so speedy, every so and now new technological invention is introduced in our modern universe.

37. Dramatic and rapid alteration takes topographic point in human resources development, calling development and acquisition and instruction. See for case displacements that take topographic point in employment and calling prospectus of our present and future coevalss. Student get downing a four twelvemonth proficient or college degree half of what they learn in the first twelvemonth of survey will be out dated by their 3rd twelvemonth of survey. Experts in human resources and universe economic system assert that following seven cardinal industries will be dominant in employment in following decennaries ;

Micro electronics

Bio engineering

The new stuffs scientific discipline industries

Telecommunications

Civil air powers

Roboticss and machines and tools

Computer hardware

38. Peoples who could work in these high tech industries with high accomplishments and higher educational makings are more likely employed in these industries with moneymaking wages.

39. What would be some of the top money gaining occupations in the following decennaries? Some of such professions are,

System analysts

Fiscal analysts

Fiscal advisors

Management advisers

Film manufacturers

Architectural advisers

Selling experts

Ad executives

Production interior decorators

Armaments advisers

40. It is true the existent demand for these industries are increasing more and more in developed states non truly in the 3rd universe states. It is true we can non compare developed states with 3rd universe states in these countries of employments. Yet it is non impossible for any state to develop and heighten human accomplishments at this age of globalization and technological promotion. States that provide higher skilled work forces bound to develop so rapidly as in instance of China and India.

41. Sri Lanka is an island blessed with both rich human resources and natural resources. Although we do non hold natural resources of oil and gas to give us oil dollars yet we have rich human resources and we have failed to maximize the potencies of Sri Lankan turning population. It is in the back land of this introductory comments and observations that we need to measure and asses the statement for the and against set uping private establishments, academies and universities in Sri Lanka.

42. Sri Lanka desperately needs some private academic establishments, universities and colleges to update its instruction system and to reform the instruction and acquisition in universities so that it may bring forth alumnuss and station alumnuss to run into international high skilled professional markets, more over Sri Lanka may pull 1000s of pupils from many states. It is true that the constitution of private universities is comparatively new phenomenon in many parts of the universe. There are merely few private universities in England, Germany, and France and in some states in the West. In world they do non necessitate such universities in these states. The Governments in these states allocate a big per centum of budgets for higher instruction and supply first-class instruction resources. They have big figure of province universities in these states. Sri Lanka does non yet have such installations in our universities. It is non appropriate to compare Sri Lankan educational institutes with western institutes yet we could larn batch from these western establishments to reform and update our universities to run into international criterions. Sri Lanka would non necessitate if it could apportion immense sum of money to update and spread out public universities in Sri Lanka. If it can non make that it would be better in a greater involvement of the future coevals to travel for unfastened market instruction policies to pull more international academic establishments and universities.

43. Sri Lankan Government in the yesteryear could non spread out university instruction system it could non set up new universities supplying more installations and teaching resources. Now fortunes have drastically changed either Sri Lanka has to put adequate money from its ain budget to heighten higher instruction or it has to let private universities to supply higher instruction in Sri Lanka instead than blowing accomplishments and endowments of our future coevals. The 2nd option is more feasible and good to Sri Lanka right now. More over due to the failure of consecutive Governments to supply instruction and preparation for 1000000s of young person they are compelled to travel for unskilled occupations in the Middle Eastern states. Most of these people go to really inexpensive unskilled labor plants such as house amahs, cleaners, drivers, ace market workers and for other inexpensive labor plant. Merely a smattering of them go for high skilled migration strategies. Sri Lankan people do non necessitate to travel for these inexpensive labor markets had they been given good chances to develop their accomplishments and endowments. Though this Middle Eastern migration brings some short term benefits for the households of migrators it has created inauspicious effects in long term. At least if we want to halt unskilled migration to the Middle East states we have to hold some schemes to develop human resources potencies of following coevals.

Summary

44. The greatest challenge in the twenty-first century for higher instruction is the acknowledgment of relevancy, which is the demand to accommodate to the immediate demands of the occupation market. This, in other words means that the universities should bring forth an employable alumnus.

45. Higher instruction in the context of current development in Sri Lanka is of paramount importance for economic and societal development. The chief challenge before Sri Lanka as in the instance of many other developing states in the part is how to increase entree to higher instruction while at the same clip increasing relevancy and quality of educational programmes and to better accomplishments of the under alumnuss so that they are gainfully employed. Today in the planetary context challenge before all states, specially south Asia is how to spread out higher instruction, as this sector due to a assortment of jobs including that of financial restraints, face legion jobs which demands new policy enterprises.

46. Higher instruction system of Sri Lanka hence needs to be reform to do a notable part to both development and alteration in the state. New policy enterprises and reform scheme is being planned and adopted with a position to reforming the system on the footing of both local and planetary considerations.

Recommendation

47. It is recommended that,

a. Private universities should be established in Sri Lanka in order to bring forth a skilled work force in accomplishing development ends. Following steps may be adopted,

Constitution and control of private universities should be monitored by University Grant Commission.

Should set up a suited organic structure for monitoring of the Quality and activities of these private universities.

A suited act to be passed in the parliament in order to understate the injury for free instruction system in Sri Lanka by organizing these establishments.

Government should establish a media run in order to educate the populace in this respect.

It should be planned to give first precedence for Sri Lankan lectors to use for these universities.