Q: What is Abhidhamma?
The Buddha preached “Abhidhamma” in the plane of Tavatimsa for three months particularly dedicated to his female parent Deva and the remainder Devas and Bhahmas from the whole existence. At that clip. the Buddha preached by really broad and really inside informations manner. Buddha repeated it to Ashin Sariputtaya by shortest manner. Ashin Sariputtaya handed it on to five 100s of his adherents non excessively long and non excessively short. This manner is what we have been learned in presents.
Harmonizing to tipitaka. Abhidhamma is the 3rd great division of the pitaka. It is tremendous aggregation of consistently arranged and classified philosophies of the Buddha. The word “Abhidhamma” is combination of “Abhi” and “Dhamma” . The prefix “Abhi” means first-class. preponderant. distinct. etc. . “Dhamma” is “The instructions of the Buddha” . Therefore. “Abhidhamma” means “Excellent instruction of the Buddha” . Abhidhamma is more overriding. more first-class than Suttanta Pitaka for the undermentioned grounds. ( 1 ) It is composed of 42000 Dhammakkhandas whereas Suttanta Pitaka and Vinaya Pitaka are merely 210000 Dhammakkhandas each.
( 2 ) In Suttanta. the Buddha takes into consideration the rational degree of the audience and their attainments in parami. Therefore. he uses the conventional footings doing mentions to individuals and objects. But in Abhidhamma. the Buddha analyzed every phenomenon into its ultimate components. All conventional footings are uncovered into their owns ultimate elements which are exactly defined and consistently arranged. Therefore why it besides called Paramattha Desana.
( 3 ) In Suttanta. the Buddha preaches Dos and Don’ts. In Abhidhamma. the Exalted one teaches about lone nature of elements. Don’t attention about homo and their features. emphasized in existent nature of all elements. So it can name yathadhamma desana.
There are seven treatises in Abhidhamma- viz. .
( 1 ) Dhamma Sangani
The chief organic structure of the Dhammasangani is in four parts. It contains the elaborate numbering of all phenomena with an analysis of consciousness ( citta ) and its attendant mental factors ( cetasikas ) ;
( 2 ) Vibanga
The Vibhanga consists of 18 chapters on analysis of phenomena rather distinguishable from that of Dhammasangani ;
( 3 ) Dhatukatha
It is a little treatise written in the formof a catechism. discoursing all phenomena of being with mention to three classs. khandha. ayatana and dhatu ;
( 4 ) Puggalapannatti
It expresses a description of assorted parts of persons harmonizing to the phase of their accomplishment along the Path ;
( 5 ) Kathavatthu
It is a digest by the Venerable Moggaliputta. the presiding thera of the 3rd Great Synod in which he discusses and refutes philosophies of the other schools in order to deracinate all the points of contention on the Buddha Dhamma. This book consists of more than two 100 arguments on inquiries of philosophy ;
( 6 ) Yamaka
It is regarded as a treatise on applied logic in which analytical process is arranged in braces ;
( 7 ) Patthana.
A mammoth treatise which wholly with Dhammasangani. constitutes the ether of the Abhidhamma Pitaka. It is a circumstantially elaborate survey of the philosophy of conditionality. based on 24 pacayas. conditions or dealingss.
There are merely two sorts of worlds when we take out the kernel of Abhidhamma from those seven pacts. They are – ( 1 ) Apparent Reality ( Pannatti ) On the other manus. we call it “Sammuti-sacca” because it is merely merely label and it can alter harmonizing to the visual aspect and form. It is disappeared when we analyze by wisdom ( panna ) . It can be divided in “Sadda Pannati” and “Attha Pannati” . ( 2 ) Ultimate Reality ( Paramattha )
Paramattha. the ultimate world is ne’er changed. For illustration. the nature of the tree is difficult. We cut it into wood. and so do a tabular array. However it changes form and name. its nature of difficult isn’t alteration. It remains unchanged.
By larning and understanding Abhidhamma. we can acquire valuable wisdom for our life. Such as- 1. Can recognize the worlds that truly exist in nature. That means we can microscopically analyse both head and affair which constitutes of adult male. Depends on these. at last we can acquire analytical cognition. 2. Can clearly understand the effects of wholesome and unwholesome workss. 3. Can cognize the procedure of life and decease and that of metempsychosis in assorted planes under the kammic force. 4. Can clearly come to illume the four baronial truths as goes through Abhidhamma. 5. Can take four sorts of “Ghana” . the misinterpretation which is intervention of Nibbana. etc.
Furthermore. the Abhidhamma brilliantly illuminates the right way to be followed by every individual for the attainment of the Nibbana. Therefore. everyone should larn the Abhidhamma and utilize the Abhidhamma Knowledge as the counsel of his life.