The Mayflower Summary Essay

The hard journey of the Pilgrims began when they left England for Leiden. Holland. At the clip. King James required all citizens to follow the Church of England. However like many separationists of the clip. the Pilgrims wanted to idolize as they pleased ( 4 ) . After many old ages in Holland. the Pilgrims decided that it was one time once more clip to travel. While Holland was sacredly tolerant. the state required the Pilgrims to work hard occupations that were hard on their organic structures. In add-on to wellness concerns. the Pilgrims were afraid that the younger members of their fold were losing touch with their English heritage. They felt like shiping on a journey to the New World would allow them set up a community with their ain faith and English civilization ( 17 ) .

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The Pilgrims’ journey was supported by a group of investors known as Merchant Adventurers. Represented by Thomas Weston. the investors were responsible for happening a boat to transport the Pilgrims and sporadically directing them supplies during their first old ages in the New World. In return. the Merchant Adventurers would have a net income from the resources that the Pilgrims sent back to England ( 20 ) . After months of readying. a group of Pilgrims boarded The Mayflower. Driven by Captain Christopher Jones. the boat spent 75 yearss at sea before eventually making the shores of Cape Cod ( 35 ) .

However before they could acquire off the boat the Pilgrims had to make up one’s mind where their community should settle. Three geographic expedition expeditions were launched on the shores of Cape Cod Bay ( 62-63 ) . On the 3rd expedition. Plymouth Rock was discovered and Plymouth was decided upon as the location for the Pilgrims’ colony. ( 78-79 ) . Before go forthing their boat homes for good. the Pilgrims constructed their first governmental papers: the Mayflower Compact. This philosophy formed a fundamental authorities for the new colony and each male was required to subscribe his name on it. corroborating that he agreed to follow the regulations of the settlement and its leading ( 41 ) .

The Pilgrims wasted no clip with their building and rapidly began constructing houses and roads. In add-on. they decided to set up a military for protection against the indigens. During one of their militia meetings. the pilgrims noticed an Indian watching them from afar. Upon nearing him. the Pilgrims realized he meant no injury and had the ability to pass on in English ( 92 ) . The Indian’s name was Samoset and was apart of the Pakanoket Tribe. Through this brush the Pilgrims learned that the Pakanokets meant no injury to Plymouth and wanted to be friends.

A few yearss subsequently the sachem of the Pakanoket folk. Massasoit. came to run into the Pilgrims himself. During the meeting a six-point pact was created that established the confederation between the settlers and the Indian folk ( 97-99 ) . The relationship between the Pilgrims and Indians progressed and both communities helped the other. Thankss to the Indians. the colonists in Plymouth learned how to farm maize and Hunt for native animate beings. On the ill-famed twenty-four hours known as Thanksgiving. the Pakanoket Indians and Pilgrims shared an abundant repast together in jubilation of their friendly relationship and success in obtaining nutrient ( 118-120 ) .

In mid November. an English ship called the Fortune sailed into Cape Cod Bay with 37 new colonists. courtesy of the Merchant Adventurers ( 123-124 ) . With more healthy and able organic structures. the Pilgrims began building of a monolithic wall that would environ the colony and protect the people of Plymouth from onslaughts ( 130 ) . During this clip. an Indian known as Squanto sought to prehend power from Massasoit by turning the settlers against the Pakanokets. As a consequence. the relationship between the Indians and Pilgrims suffered. and the two groups no longer trusted each other ( 132-136 ) . Without the Pakanoket folk. Plymouth was on its ain. Their current governor. Bradford. take the settlement with subject and construction. He purely enforced faith on all the colonists. even those who didn’t agree with his beliefs ( 140 ) .

Calendar months after the dissension between the Pilgrims and Pakanokets. word reached Plymouth that Massasoit was soberly sick and non expected to populate. In an act of regard. Edward Winslow and two other Pilgrims traveled to the Indian colony to see the sachem. Upon geting. the three work forces helped nurse Massasoit back to wellness. repairing the broken relationship between their settlement and the Pakanokets ( 142-145 ) . In order to refund the three work forces for salvaging his life. Massasoit informed them that Plymouth was in danger of being attacked by an Indian folk from the North ( 146 ) . Upon returning to Plymouth. Winslow informed the others about their at hand danger and resolved that their best option was to strike the folk foremost ( 149 ) . Lead by their military head. Standish. the Pilgrims successfully attacked and defeated Wessagussett. This non merely saved their settlement from a barbarous assault. but it besides showed the full part that Plymouth was a strong and dominant settlement that shouldn’t be messed with ( 151-155 ) .

As clip progressed the Pilgrims’ dealingss with the Indians became better. Trade between the two groups continued to turn and a faith was developed through the commixture of native beliefs and Christianity ( 163 ) . The Pilgrims’ relationships with other settlements besides developed. Edward Winslow helped organize the United Colonies. a deputation of representatives from nearby settlements that let the different colonies communicate and assist each other ( 180-182 ) . Unfortunately. The Plymouth Colony had entered a great sum of debt around this clip. and the Merchant Adventurers had collapsed. The colony’s economic jobs were now in the custodies of Bradford and other Plymouth investors ( 168 ) . A civil war being fought in England besides made economic times harsher. and many settlers decided to return to England ( 183 ) .

The Pilgrims and Indians continued to be good friends until the decease of Sasamon. After informing Plymouth’s governor that King Philip. leader of the Pakanokets. was traveling to assail Plymouth. Sassamon was murdered and left dead in a frozen lake. After he was discovered. a test was held and three Pakanoket Indians were convicted of slaying and executed ( 218-225 ) . The rough actions of the Pilgrims angered Kind Philip and his folk. A war broke out between the Indians and settlers. taking to devastation and 1000s of deceases. The war ended when a group of indigens and Pilgrims came together and assassinated King Philip ( 337 ) .

After King Philips War. the settlers began to command the Indians. The slave trade began. and male Indians above the age of 14 were taken from their folks and sold into servitude ( 345 ) . The Pilgrims now dominated the indigens and began a new epoch that gave them small chance or pick.