Athenian and Spartan Society

Greek city states that constituted Sparta and Athens had major differences in their societal nature. The differences were evident in the fields of cultural, social, governmental and economic in fulfilling the societal needs. These differences were evident in the ways the women were treated and judged, the structure of the government, military focus, post-dinner social gathering, and the ways that they used there incomes. However, there are minor similarities (Kagan 2003, pp. 90).

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Such differences which were important to each society and contributed a lot to way of life resulted or contributed to the war between these societies which resulted to the weakening of the ancient Greece. The main differences that caused the war were the democracy and military nature of the two societies. For example the Athenians had freedom in terms of democracy and were allied to other smaller city states. Furthermore, the Spartans had a stronger and tough military and was able to conquer many lands (Lattimore 1998, pp. 45 – 47).

Peloponnesian War impacted a lot to the Greek society and the culture. Democracy developed in Greece, even though there were no income that were generated from the empire, however the political system was well functioning. The economic standards of Greece people developed because most peasants became trades and practiced commerce. These actions were almost profitable when compared to the previous regime. Due to the war both camps: Athenians and Sparta were affected greatly in the ways that they could develop the parts and most beneficiaries were the Thebes and the Persians who took the weakness advantage. Many soldiers where exiled and turned up been professional soldiers and mercenaries (Kagan 2003, pp. 120).


Kagan, D. (2003). The Peloponnesian War: Athens and Sparta in Savage Conflict, 431-404 BC.            New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Lattimore, S. (1998). The Peloponnesian War. New York: Hackett Publishers.